Complications and quality of life after template-assisted transperineal prostate biopsy in patients eligible for focal therapy

Andrea Losa, Giulio Maria Gadda, Massimo Lazzeri, Giovanni Lughezzani, Giampiero Cardone, Massimo Freschi, Giuliana Lista, Alessandro Larcher, Luciano Dante Nava, Giorgio Guazzoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the complication rates and quality of life in patients eligible for focal therapy who underwent template-assisted transperineal prostate biopsy (TTPB). Materials and Methods: Eighty-seven patients with low-risk prostate cancer (clinical stage T1c-T2a, prostate-specific antigen level ≤10 ng/mL, biopsy Gleason score ≤6), who were candidates for focal therapy, underwent TTPB. The study details are available from http://clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00928603). The primary outcomes were the complication rates, according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, and changes in the quality of life, evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score, International Index of Erectile Function, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate questionnaires, before and 1 month after TTPB. Results: The median patient age was 63.9 years (range 46-78), with a median Charlson comorbidity index of 2.2 (range 0-4). No statistically significant differences were observed when comparing the general and/or specific domains of the International Prostate Symptom Score, International Index of Erectile Function, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate results before and 1 month after TTPB (P >.05 for all). Using the Clavien-Dindo classification, we observed 37 cases of grade 1 complications, including 5 (6.1%) cases of macrohematuria, 13 (16%) of hemospermia, 11 (13.5%) of perineal hematoma, 3 (3.7%) of perineal hematoma and hemospermia, and 5 (6.1%) of macrohematuria and hemospermia. Three patients (3.7%) developed a grade II complication (ie, acute urinary retention). Prostate cancer was detected in 54 patients (62.1%). Of 57 patients, 16 (29.6%) were upgraded from Gleason score 3+3/atypical small acinar proliferation to Gleason score 7. Of the 54 patients with positive TTPB findings, 18 (25.3%) showed an anatomic correspondence between the results of previous biopsies and TTPB. Conclusion: TTPB did not appear to have a significant effect on the quality of life of candidates for focal therapy, and the Clavien-Dindo complication rate was negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1296
Number of pages6
JournalUrology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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