Computational Immune Proteomics Approach to Target COVID-19

Bruno Tilocca, Domenico Britti, Andrea Urbani, Paola Roncada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Progress of the omics platforms widens their application to diverse fields, including immunology. This enables a deeper level of knowledge and the provision of a huge amount of data for which management and fruitful integration with the past evidence requires a steadily growing computational effort. In light of this, immunoinformatics emerges as a new discipline placed in between the traditional lab-based investigations and the computational analysis of the biological data. Immunoinformatics make use of tailored bioinformatics tools and data repositories to facilitate the analysis of data from a plurality of disciplines and help drive novel research hypotheses and in silico screening investigations in a fast, reliable, and cost-effective manner. Such computational immunoproteomics studies may as well prepare and guide lab-based investigations, representing valuable technology for the investigation of novel pathogens, to tentatively evaluate specificity of diagnostic products, to forecast on potential adverse effects of vaccines and to reduce the use of animal models. The present manuscript provides an overview of the COVID-19 pandemic and reviews the state of the art of the omics technologies employed in fighting SARS-CoV-2 infections. A comprehensive description of the immunoinformatics approaches and its potential role in contrasting COVID-19 pandemics is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4233-4241
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 6 2020

Keywords

  • bioinformatics
  • computational immune proteomics
  • COVID-19
  • diagnostics
  • personalized medicine
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

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