Computational modelling of spinal implants

J. Noailly, A. Malandrino, F. Galbusera

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the use of the finite element method in the design and exploration of spinal implants. Following an introduction to biomechanical alterations of the spine in disease and to spine finite element modelling, focus is placed on different models developed for spine treatment simulations. Despite the hindrance of working thorough representations of in vivo situations, predictions of load transfer within both the implants and the tissues simulated allow improved interpretations of known clinical outcomes, and permit the educated design of new implants. The potential of probabilistic modelling is also discussed in relation to model validation and patient-specific analyses. Finally, the latest developments in the multiphysical modelling of intervertebral discs are presented, revealing a strong potential for the study of implant-based strategies that aim to restore the functional biophysics of the spine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System: Biomaterials and Tissues
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages447-484
Number of pages38
ISBN (Print)9780857096739, 9780857096616
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 8 2014

Keywords

  • Finite element modelling
  • Spinal implant
  • Spine biomechanics
  • Spine surgery
  • Tissue mechanobiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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