In this work, we provide a computational study of the effects of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) on the fluid-dynamics at internal carotid bifurcations. We perform numerical simulations in real geometries of the same patients before and after CEA, using patient-specific boundary data obtained by Echo-Color Doppler measurements. We analyze four patients with a primary closure and other four where a patch was used to close arteriotomies. The results show that (i) CEA is able to restore physiological fluid-dynamic conditions; (ii) among the post-operative cases, the presence of patch leads to local hemodynamic conditions which might imply a higher risk of restenosis in comparison with the cases without patch.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering