Concentration-effect relationship of levodopa-benserazide dispersible formulation versus standard form in the treatment of complicated motor response fluctuations in Parkinson's disease

Manuela Contin, Roberto Riva, Paolo Martinelli, Pietro Cortelli, Fiorenzo Albani, Agostino Baruzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared the kinetic-dynamic profile of a postprandial dose of levodopa-benserazide dispersible formulation to that of the standard form in eight patients with parkinsonism presenting delayed or irregular patterns of after-meal levodopa dose effects. Patients were studied on two occasions, one week apart, according to an intrasubject randomized cross-over design. Thirty minutes after the consumption of a standard meal, patients received their usual levodopa-benserazide postprandial dose, on one occasion in the standard formulation and on the other one in the dispersible form. Blood venous samples for analysis of plasma levodopa concentrations were drawn at 15- minute intervals for the first 2 hours, then half-hourly until 5 hours after dosing. Motor response to the levodopa test dose was assessed by the finger tapping test at the same times as blood was sampled. The only statistically significant finding was a shorter time to peak plasma levodopa concentration with the levodopa-benserazide dispersible formulation compared with the standard form, whereas comparisons of levodopa pharmacodynamics showed little advantage of either formulation. Considering that liquid formulations of levodopa are less practical, we suggest reserving dispersible levodopa- benserazide tablets for selected patients and carefully monitoring drug dose motor response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-355
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Neuropharmacology
Volume22
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

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Keywords

  • Levodopa
  • Liquid formulations
  • Motor fluctuations
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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