The concentrations of unconjugated oestradiol-17β and oestrone have been measured by radioimmunoassay in the plasma of fetal, newborn and immature guinea-pigs. In fetal plasma, the values of oestradiol ranged from 15 to 50 pg/ml with no significant variations with gestational age except for an abrupt increase at the very end of gestation (148 pg/ml). Low concentrations of oestradiol were also found postnatally (from not detectable to 31 pg/ml) as well as in maternal plasma (22 pg/ml). The values of oestrone were consistently higher in all plasma regardless of age (43-164 pg/ml). Oestrogen concentrations were also determined in the fetal uterus, lung, kidney and brain and were found to be as much as 60 times higher (per g tissue) than in plasma, especially in the fetal uterus which contained four to five times more than the other tissues. These data correlated well with a 20-90 times greater uptake of [3H]oestradiol by the fetal uterus compared with the other tissues after in-vivo administration of [3H]oestradiol to the fetuses. The selective retention of oestradiol was probably due to the presence of specific oestradiol binding in these fetal tissues, particularly in the uterus whose binding was 60-120 times higher than in the other fetal tissues. Thus, the levels of oestrogen in the circulation of fetal guinea-pigs are low, but the fetal uterus is capable of maintaining a higher concentration which may be important physiologically since oestradiol has been shown to evoke a biological response in the fetal guinea-pig uterus.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Endocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - 1981|
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