Concepts leading to the definition of the term cervicogenic headache: A historical overview

Fabio Antonaci, Giorgio Bono, Marco Mauri, Monica Drottning, Simona Buscone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The idea that headache may originate from a problem at the neck or cervical spine level has fascinated and stimulated researchers for centuries. Contributions and reports seeking to clarify this issue have multiplied in the past 80 or 90 years. Bärtschi-Rochaix reported what seems to have been the first clinical description of cervicogenic headache, but it was not until 1983 that Sjaastad and his school defined diagnostic criteria for this sydrome. The current, revised International Headache Society Classification (ICHD-II) includes the term cervicogenic headache, but the diagnostic criteria it gives differ from those of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), and also from the most recent Cervicogenic Headache International Study Group (CHISG) definition (1998).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-466
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Headache and Pain
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


  • Anaesthetic blockade
  • Cervical spine
  • Cervicogenic headache
  • History of headache

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)


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