Concomitant factors of decompensation in chronic heart failure

Cristina Opasich, Oreste Febo, P. Giorgio Riccardi, Egidio Traversi, Giovanni Forni, Gianni Pinna, Massimo Pozzoli, Roberto Riccardi, Andrea Mortara, Maurizio Sanarico, Franco Cobelli, Luigi Tavazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The concomitant factors implicated in 328 nonfatal decompensations of 304 patients with congestive heart failure were: arrhythmias in 24%, infections in 23%, poor compliance in 15%, angina in 14%, iatrogenic factors in 10%, and other causes in 5% of cases. New York Heart Association class and right atrial pressure significantly related to the occurrence of decompensation. Poor compliance and angina were unpredictable, infection was related to pulmonary wedge pressure, iatrogemic factors were predicted by the more advanced functional classes, whereas arrhythmias were more frequent in patients with renal failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-357
Number of pages4
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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