Nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation can cure patients with hematologic malignancies but has reported limited success against solid tumors. This is possibly because of profound peripheral tolerance mechanisms and/or suboptimal tumor recognition by effector T lymphocytes. We report that in mice developing spontaneous prostate cancer, nonmyeloablative minor histocompatibility mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and donor lymphocyte infusion of unmanipulated lymphocytes combined with posttransplant tumor-specific vaccination circumvents tumor-specific tolerance, allowing acute tumor rejection and the establishment of protective immunosurveillance. Although donor-derived tumor-specific T cells readily differentiated into effector cells and infiltrated the tumor soon after infusion, they were alone insufficient for tumor eradication, which instead required the concomitance of minor histocompatibiltiy antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell responses. The establishment of protective immunosurveillance was best induced by posttransplant tumor-specific vaccination. Hence, these results provide the proof of principle that tumor-specific T-cell responses have to be harnessed together with minor histocompatibility responses and sustained by posttransplant tumor-specific vaccination to improve the efficacy of allotransplantion for the cure of solid tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research