Conditional tonic stimulus control of nonspecific arousal

H. D. Kimmel, N. Birbaumer, T. Elbert, W. Lutzenberger, B. Rockstroh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subjects performed a reaction time (RT) task in the presence of colored indirect lighting which had previously been associated with either sporadic electric shock (Unsafe context) or no shock (Safe context). Autonomic and cortical processes were influenced by the visual context in two ways. Nonspecific arousal was elevated in the Unsafe context as compared with the Safe context (larger SCR and more accelerative HR change elicited by the RT warning stimulus, and retarded habituation of the middle component of the slow cortical potential during the warning stimulus). In addition, information processing may have been impaired in the Unsafe as compared to the Safe context, since the earliest component of the SCR and the N100 component of the auditory evoked potential were both reduced. Higher frequency of unelicited SCR was observed following changes from a Safe to an Unsafe context than with reverse changes, during the association of these contexts with shock, but this was the only evidence of direct tonic conditioning. In general, the results demonstrate the degree to which psychophysiological processes may be influenced by tonic environmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalThe Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1983

Fingerprint

Arousal
Thyristors
Shock
stimulus
Reaction Time
conditioning
information processing
work environment
environmental factors
Auditory Evoked Potentials
Bioelectric potentials
Lighting
Automatic Data Processing
evidence
time
Stimulus
Tonic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kimmel, H. D., Birbaumer, N., Elbert, T., Lutzenberger, W., & Rockstroh, B. (1983). Conditional tonic stimulus control of nonspecific arousal. The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, 18(3), 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03019163

Conditional tonic stimulus control of nonspecific arousal. / Kimmel, H. D.; Birbaumer, N.; Elbert, T.; Lutzenberger, W.; Rockstroh, B.

In: The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, Vol. 18, No. 3, 07.1983, p. 136-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kimmel, HD, Birbaumer, N, Elbert, T, Lutzenberger, W & Rockstroh, B 1983, 'Conditional tonic stimulus control of nonspecific arousal', The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03019163
Kimmel HD, Birbaumer N, Elbert T, Lutzenberger W, Rockstroh B. Conditional tonic stimulus control of nonspecific arousal. The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science. 1983 Jul;18(3):136-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03019163
Kimmel, H. D. ; Birbaumer, N. ; Elbert, T. ; Lutzenberger, W. ; Rockstroh, B. / Conditional tonic stimulus control of nonspecific arousal. In: The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science. 1983 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 136-143.
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