Congenital anomalies of the middle ear are rare, but they occur with sufficient frequency that the otologic surgeon must be aware of their possibility. The ossicles may be deformed, absent, fused or fixed. Operative findings of 12 patients (2 with stapes malformations and 10 with incus-malleus anomaly) are reported. Preoperative evaluation included conventional and impedance audiometry. The low rate of complications and reasonable hope for success makes surgery for middle ear abnormalities often worth while.
|Translated title of the contribution||Congenital anomalies of the middle ear|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
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