Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most frequent cause of congenital viral infection and the leading cause of mental retardation and non-ereditary childhood sensorineural hearing loss. Treatment with intravenous ganciclovir or oral valganciclovir has proved effective in improving the hearing impairment and the neurological development in infected patients and should only be carried out in severely symptomatic patients. All those born with congenital CMV infection are at risk for sequelae that can occur up to school age, so young patients should undergo a careful follow up. Hygienic and sanitary measures should be implemented in all seronegative pregnant women who have frequent and close contacts with children in early childhood.
|Translated title of the contribution||Congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Part II|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health