The aim of this study was to study the influence of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) on emmetropization and to evaluate the effect of growth hormone replacement therapy on eye refraction. Twenty-eight children affected by congenital GHD and undergoing substitutive therapy (group 1), and 28 healthy subjects (group 2), were prospectively studied. All patients had a thorough eye examination, including cycloplegic refraction and axial length measurement (only GHD children). After 2 years, we found in both groups a reduction of the dioptric power of the eye. Attest for paired data showed statistically significant differences in both groups (p <0.001), but the change of refraction was higher in group 2 (p <0.01). Axial length showed a statistically significant increase, according to the myopic shift (p <0.001). The change of the refraction found in GHD children could be related to the somatic growth and partially induced by growth hormone therapy. The difference between the two groups could be explained with the late beginning of the therapy in GHD children. It is possible to form the hypothesis that a correct and well-timed substitutive therapy could permit a normal emmetropization process.
- Growth hormone deficiency
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