Le cardiopatie congenite nel sesso femminile

Translated title of the contribution: Congenital heart disease in women

Carolina Putotto, Marta Unolt, Angela Caiaro, Dario Marino, Valerio Massaccesi, Bruno Marino, Maria Cristina Digilio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Are there gender differences in prevalence, surgical results and long-term survival of patients with congenital heart disease? Available literature data allow us to state what follows. At birth there is a mild but significant prevalence of congenital heart disease in females. The most severe congenital heart diseases are less frequent in girls, but when they are present in females, they are linked to a higher surgical mortality rate, due perhaps to lower weight at birth and to the prevalence of extracardiac malformations and/or of associated genetic syndromes. On the other hand, in adults, surgery for congenital heart disease is at higher risk in males, and so the longterm survival rate is higher in females. Particular psychological attitudes, a higher incidence of pulmonary hypertension, as well as specific problems linked to the reproductive function characterize congenital heart disease in adult women. The knowledge and analysis of these data are essential for a correct management of congenital heart disease in neonates, children and adults.

Translated title of the contributionCongenital heart disease in women
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)120-125
Number of pages6
JournalGiornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Congenital heart disease in women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this