Congenital midline cervical cleft: Clinical approach to a congenital anterior neck defect

Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Maria Francesca Bedeschi, Giovanna Cantarella, Lorenzo Colombo, Viola Agosti, Ilaria Amodeo, Monica Fumagalli, Isabella Mazzola, Fabio Mosca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Numerous malformations can affect the anterior part of the neck presenting at birth as a real diagnostic challenge for the pediatrician or the primary care physician who initially evaluate the baby. Congenital midline cervical cleft represents a rare defect of the midline neck, which is sometimes wrongly diagnosed as a thyroglossal duct anomaly, dermoid cyst, branchial cleft anomaly or "birthmark". A prompt clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment during early infancy are essential to ensure both functional and aesthetic outcome. We report a case of a female neonate with a midline cervical cleft diagnosed immediately after birth. The main features of other congenital anomalies of the anterior neck are also discussed referring to their embryologic origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-115
Number of pages4
JournalCongenital Anomalies
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Craniofacial malformation
  • Mentosternal dysraphia
  • Midline cervical cleft
  • Pediatrician

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Embryology
  • Medicine(all)

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