Vascular rings are congenital anomalies that lead to variable degrees of respiratory problems or feeding difficulties by forming a complete or partial ring compressing the trachea, the bronchi, and the esophagus. The clinical diagnosis of vascular rings is often challenging for the pediatrician because the clinical manifestations are heterogeneous and nonspecific. Symptoms can vary from wheezing, stridor, dyspnea, and/or dysphagia to life-threatening conditions; however, they may not be present. The aim of this study is to review the recent literature on this subject and describe new developments in diagnostics and imaging.
- cardiovascular anomalies
- trachea-esophageal compression
- Vascular rings
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine