Connective tissue anomalies in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection

Alessia Giossi, Marco Ritelli, Paolo Costa, Andrea Morotti, Loris Poli, Elisabetta Del Zotto, Irene Volonghi, Nicola Chiarelli, Massimo Gamba, Paolo Bovi, Giampaolo Tomelleri, Monica Carletti, Nicoletta Checcarelli, Giorgio Meneghetti, Michele Morra, Mauro Chinaglia, Valeria De Giuli, Marina Colombi, Alessandro Padovani, Alessandro Pezzini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of connective tissue abnormalities in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissections (sCeAD). Methods: We systematically assessed clinically detectable signs of connective tissue aberration in a series of consecutive patients with sCeAD and of age- and sex-matched patients with ischemic stroke unrelated to CeAD (non-CeAD IS) by a standard examination protocol including 68 items, and performed extensive molecular investigation for hereditary connective tissue disorders in all patients with sCeAD. Results: The study group included 84 patients with sCeAD (mean age, 44.5 ± 7.8 years; 66.7% men) and 84 patients with non-CeAD IS. None of the patients with sCeAD met clinical or molecular diagnostic criteria for established hereditary connective tissue disorder. Connective tissue abnormalities were detected more frequently in the group of patients with sCeAD than in the group of those with non-CeAD IS (mean number of pathologic findings, 4.5 ± 3.5 vs 1.9 ± 2.3; p < 0.001). Eighty-one patients (96.4%) in the sCeAD group had at least one detectable sign compared with 55 patients (66.7%) in the group with non-CeAD IS (p < 0.001). Skeletal, ocular, and skin abnormalities, as well as craniofacial dysmorphisms, were the clinical signs more strongly associated with sCeAD. Signs suggesting connective tissue abnormality were also more frequently represented in patients with sCeAD than in patients with traumatic CeAD (28.6%, p < 0.001; mean number of pathologic findings, 1.7 ± 3.7, p 5 0.045). Conclusion: Connective tissue abnormalities are frequent in patients with sCeAD. This reinforces the hypothesis that systemic aberrations of the connective tissue might be implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2032-2037
Number of pages6
JournalNeurology
Volume83
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Giossi, A., Ritelli, M., Costa, P., Morotti, A., Poli, L., Del Zotto, E., Volonghi, I., Chiarelli, N., Gamba, M., Bovi, P., Tomelleri, G., Carletti, M., Checcarelli, N., Meneghetti, G., Morra, M., Chinaglia, M., De Giuli, V., Colombi, M., Padovani, A., & Pezzini, A. (2014). Connective tissue anomalies in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection. Neurology, 83(22), 2032-2037. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000001030