Conotruncal heart defect/microphthalmia syndrome: Delineation of an autosomal recessive syndrome

M. C. Digilio, B. Marino, A. Giannotti, B. Dallapiccola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report on three sibs born to healthy parents, one livebirth and two terminated pregnancies, presenting with formation complex conotruncal heart defect (CTHD), microphthalmia, genital anomalies, and facial dysmorphism. The recurrence of the association of CTHD, particularly truncus arteriosus, and microphthalmia in sibs has previously been reported in rare instances, but a correlation between the single descriptions has never been noted. CTHDs are included among the cardiac malformations characteristically associated with the group of syndromes caused by the microdeletion of chromosome 22q11, but no detectable hemizygosity has been found in our family. An autosomal recessive gene seems to be involved in syndromic patients with the combination of CTHD and microphthalmia. The map location of this gene is at present unknown, but autosomal recessive inheritance must be considered in genetic counselling of families with children presenting with this malformation complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-929
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Congenital heart defect
  • Microphthalmia
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Truncus arteriosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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