Consensus paper: Pathological mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration in spinocerebellar ataxias

A. Matilla-Dueñas, T. Ashizawa, A. Brice, S. Magri, K. N. McFarland, M. Pandolfo, S. M. Pulst, O. Riess, D. C. Rubinsztein, J. Schmidt, T. Schmidt, D. R. Scoles, G. Stevanin, F. Taroni, B. R. Underwood, I. Sánchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intensive scientific research devoted in the recent years to understand the molecular mechanisms or neurodegeneration in spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are identifying new pathways and targets providing new insights and a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis in these diseases. In this consensus manuscript, the authors discuss their current views on the identified molecular processes causing or modulating the neurodegenerative phenotype in spinocerebellar ataxias with the common opinion of translating the new knowledge acquired into candidate targets for therapy. The following topics are discussed: transcription dysregulation, protein aggregation, autophagy, ion channels, the role of mitochondria, RNA toxicity, modulators of neurodegeneration and current therapeutic approaches. Overall point of consensus includes the common vision of neurodegeneration in SCAs as a multifactorial, progressive and reversible process, at least in early stages. Specific points of consensus include the role of the dysregulation of protein folding, transcription, bioenergetics, calcium handling and eventual cell death with apoptotic features of neurons during SCA disease progression. Unresolved questions include how the dysregulation of these pathways triggers the onset of symptoms and mediates disease progression since this understanding may allow effective treatments of SCAs within the window of reversibility to prevent early neuronal damage. Common opinions also include the need for clinical detection of early neuronal dysfunction, for more basic research to decipher the early neurodegenerative process in SCAs in order to give rise to new concepts for treatment strategies and for the translation of the results to preclinical studies and, thereafter, in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-302
Number of pages34
JournalCerebellum
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Ataxia
  • Autophagy
  • Calcium
  • Cerebellum
  • Mitochondria
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neuronal death
  • Polyglutamine
  • Purkinje cell
  • Therapy
  • Transcription dysregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Matilla-Dueñas, A., Ashizawa, T., Brice, A., Magri, S., McFarland, K. N., Pandolfo, M., Pulst, S. M., Riess, O., Rubinsztein, D. C., Schmidt, J., Schmidt, T., Scoles, D. R., Stevanin, G., Taroni, F., Underwood, B. R., & Sánchez, I. (2014). Consensus paper: Pathological mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration in spinocerebellar ataxias. Cerebellum, 13(2), 269-302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-013-0539-y