Consequences of COVID19-pandemic lockdown on Italian occupational physicians’ psychosocial health

Simone de Sio, Giuseppe La Torre, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Ekaterina Lapteva, Roberto Perri, Paola Corbosiero, Pietro Ferraro, Arianna Giovannetti, Emilio Greco, Fabrizio Cedrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

COVID-19 was declared a pandemic on March 12, 2020. Italy has been the most affected country in the world, right after China. Healthcare workers (HCWs) were among the hardest hit by this event from both a working and psychological point of view. The aim of this web-based cross-sectional study is to assess the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on Italian Occupational Physicians’ well-being and psychological distress, in relation to demographic and occupational characteristic, lifestyle and habits during the lockdown period. We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey questionnaire from April 1 to April 21st, 2020. To evaluate the level of psychological distress and the level of well-being, the general Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) and the WHO-5 Wellbeing Index were utilized. Since the statistical assumptions were respected, we proceeded with an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to ascertain the differences between the averages of the scores of the GHQ-12. Doctors who live in the most affected regions have a prevalence of psychological distress higher than their colleagues from the rest of Italy. ANOVA shows significant differences relating to the female gender, and to the life changes provoked by the lockdown for example not feeling sheltered at home or suffering from loneliness. This study showed a high prevalence of psychological distress in occupational physicians. To prevent the occurrence of mental disorders among Occupational Physicians, it is urgent to put in place policies of psychological support and well-being preservation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0243194
JournalPLoS One
Volume16
Issue number2 February
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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