Conservative mastectomy: Extending the idea of breast conservation

Umberto Veronesi, Vaia Stafyla, Jean Yves Petit, Paolo Veronesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Conservative mastectomy is a surgical technique to remove breast glandular tissue without disruption to the appearance of the breast. The main contraindication to this operation is involvement of the nipple-areola complex. Preservation of a healthy nipple does not affect long-term survival rates. Intraoperative retroareolar biopsy and accurate removal of all mammary tissue are mainstays to guarantee oncological safety of the technique. A complication, however infrequent, is nipple necrosis, which can be treated successfully by local excision. Several breast reconstructive techniques are used during conservative mastectomy and aesthetic results are good in most cases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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