Conservative treatment of coexisting microinvasive squamous and adenocarcinoma of the cervix: Report of two cases and literature review

Francesco Sopracordevole, Jacopo Di Giuseppe, Silvia Cervo, Monica Buttignol, Giorgio Giorda, Andrea Ciavattini, Vincenzo Canzonieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Coexistence of microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma (MISCC) and microinvasive adenocarcinoma (MIAC) of the cervix is a rare phenomenon with very few clinically significant cases described in the literature. While a conservative approach has been studied, and may be effective in MISCC, a lower number of studies that recommend conservative treatment are available for MIAC. We report two cases of synchronous cervix lesions in two separate foci, MISCC and MIAC, who underwent fertility-sparing treatment with long-term follow-up. We describe clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features of the two cases. The first case is a 41-year-old female with a diagnosis of MIAC of endocervical type, grade 1 differentiation, with a stromal invasion, associated with a separate area of squamous cell carcinoma (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics/TNM stage: pT1a1G1). The second case is a 45-year-old female with a diagnosis of plurifocal MISCC, associated with an MIAC of endocervical type with a stromal invasion (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics/TNM stage: pT1a1G1). After multidisciplinary counseling, both patients accepted conization as definitive treatment. Eleven years after the conization, all tests (Papanicolaou smear, colposcopy, cervical curettage, and hybrid capture 2-human papillomavirus test) planned quarterly in the first year and every 6 months in the subsequent years were negative in both patients. In women affected by stage IA1 squamous cervical cancer coexisting with stage IA1 adenocarcinoma endocervical type, with clear margins, and without lymphovascular space invasion, cervical conization may be considered a fertility-preserving, safe, and definitive therapeutic option.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-544
Number of pages6
JournalOncoTargets and Therapy
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 27 2016

Keywords

  • Cervical conization
  • Cervical lesions
  • FIGO stage
  • Microinvasive adenocarcinoma
  • Microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma
  • Uterine cervical neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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