Among the retroviruses, the surface (SU) and transmembrane (TM) glycoproteins of lentiviruses are linked exclusively by noncovalent bonds. For some C-type retroviruses, however, a small proportion of the SU proteins has been shown to be linked to their TM proteins by a disulfide bond, with the remainder being noncovalently associated. A region near the carboxyl terminus of the HIV-1 SU glycoprotein has been implicated in contacting the TM glycoprotein. Computer modelling indicates that this region of divergent lentivirus and oncovirus SU glycoproteins forms a structurally conserved 'pocket' which could accommodate a 'knob'-like protrusion formed by an immunodominant region in the TM protein containing the CxxxxxC (lentiviruses) or CxxxxxxCC (C- and D-type viruses) motif. An anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibody, raised against a monoclonal antibody reacting with a sequence in the 'pocket' of HIV-1 gp120, was found to bind to synthetic peptides close to the CxxxxxC motif. It is suggested that part of the SU-TM linkage mechanism for the lentiviruses and oncoviruses is a 'knob and socket' structure and that the interaction between SU and TM proteins is similar in one region for lentiviruses and C-type as well as D-type viruses. The conserved knob and socket linkage may be relevant to a mechanism for viral-cell membrane fusion that is broadly common to all of these retroviruses.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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