In the last two decades one of the main targets of anorectocolic surgery has been to develop sphincter saving procedure able to achieve good results with acceptable five-years survivals, optimal local control of the diseases and low rate of local cancer recurrence. Partially the development of new operative techniques such as low colorectal and coloanal anastomoses with or without pouch, the TME operation and the nerve sparing procedure have reach this target. In fact, often after these operations we can observe a functional syndrome called "Post Anterior Resection Syndrome". The basis of this syndrome have to researched in anatomical and physiological alterations that followed a reconstructive operation. It is characterized by frequency and fragmentation of the stool, feeling of incomplete evacuation, tenesmus and urgency. Fecal continence may be compromised to different levels: usually with alteration limited to soiling and impaired control of flatus, occasionally with loss of liquid stool, rarely with loss of solid stools. The anorectal function will be altered for long time following the surgical procedure and the stabilization of functional results may require 1-3 years. On the basis of these considerations, the authors examine the etiopathogenesis and clinical presentation of the "Post Anterior Resection Syndrome", suggesting some expedients to prevent the functional problems. Analysing our experience and a wide specific bibliography they also underline the indispensable point to achieve a good functional results afier a reconstructive procedure. The author conclude asserting that the absence of these points have to be carefully valued because, in these situations, a simply colostomy is able to guarantee a better quality of life that a colorecta/coloanal anastomoses with or without pouch but associated to functional problems.
|Translated title of the contribution||Considerations about functional results post colorectal and coloanal anastomoses with and without pouch|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Annali Italiani di Chirurgia|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2001|
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