Background: It has been previously shown that hyperglycemia enhances free radical production, inducing oxidative damage, which in its turn activates the death pathways implicated in cell apoptosis and necrosis. But the possible involvement of this pathway in the hyperglycemia-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells has not yet been reported. Methods: To verify a possible connection between mitochondria l ROS production and apoptosis induced by both stable and oscillating high glucose, SOD, MnTBAP and TTFA was added to HUVEC cell culture medium. We measured nitrotyrosine and 8OHdG as oxidative stress parameters and Bcl-2 expression and Caspase-3 expression and activity as apoptosis indicators. Results: Our results show that hyperglycemia, both stable o r oscillating, increases oxidative stress and endothelial cell apoptosis through ROS overproduction at the mitochondrial transport chain level. Conclusion: The prevention of mitochondrial oxidative damage seems to be a future important therapeutic strategy in diabetes.
- Intermittent glucose
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism