Constant and intermittent high glucose enhances endothelial cell apoptosis through mitochondrial superoxide overproduction

Ludovica Piconi, Lisa Quagliaro, Roberta Assaloni, Roberto Da Ros, Amabile Maier, Gianni Zuodar, Antonio Ceriello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: It has been previously shown that hyperglycemia enhances free radical production, inducing oxidative damage, which in its turn activates the death pathways implicated in cell apoptosis and necrosis. But the possible involvement of this pathway in the hyperglycemia-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells has not yet been reported. Methods: To verify a possible connection between mitochondria l ROS production and apoptosis induced by both stable and oscillating high glucose, SOD, MnTBAP and TTFA was added to HUVEC cell culture medium. We measured nitrotyrosine and 8OHdG as oxidative stress parameters and Bcl-2 expression and Caspase-3 expression and activity as apoptosis indicators. Results: Our results show that hyperglycemia, both stable o r oscillating, increases oxidative stress and endothelial cell apoptosis through ROS overproduction at the mitochondrial transport chain level. Conclusion: The prevention of mitochondrial oxidative damage seems to be a future important therapeutic strategy in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Endothelium
  • Intermittent glucose
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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