The multiplicity of Notch receptors raises the question of the contribution of specific isoforms to T-cell development. Notch3 is expressed in CD4-8- thymocytes and is down-regulated across the CD4-8- to CD4+8+ transition, controlled by pre-T-cell receptor signaling. To determine the effects of Notch3 on thymocyte development, transgenic mice were generated, expressing lck promoter-driven intracellular Notch3. Thymuses of young transgenics showed an increased number of thymocytes, particularly late CD4-8- cells, a failure to down-regulate CD25 in post-CD4-8- subsets and sustained activity of NF-κB. Subsequently, aggressive multicentric T-cell lymphomas developed with high penetrance. Tumors sustained characteristics of immature thymocytes, including expression of CD25, pTα and activated NF-κB via IKKα-dependent degradation of IκBα and enhancement of NF-κB-dependent anti-apoptotic and proliferative pathways. Together, these data identify activated Notch3 as a link between signals leading to NF-κB activation and T-cell tumorigenesis. The phenotypes of pre-malignant thymocytes and of lymphomas indicate a novel and particular role for Notch3 in co-ordinating growth and differentiation of thymocytes, across the pre-T/T cell transition, consistent with the normal expression pattern of Notch3.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 3 2000|
- T-cell malignancy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology