Consumption of sweet foods and breast cancer risk in Italy

A. Tavani, L. Giordano, S. Gallus, R. Talamini, S. Franceschi, A. Giacosa, M. Montella, C. La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The relation between the intake of sugar and sweets and the risk of breast cancer has been considered in ecological, prospective and case-control studies, but the results are unclear. We analyzed such a relation in a case-control study conducted between 1991 and 1994 in Italy. Patients and methods: Cases were 2569 women with histologically confirmed incident breast cancer and controls were 2588 women admitted to hospital for acute, non-neoplastic, non-hormone-related conditions. Information on diet was based on an interviewer-administered questionnaire tested for reproducibility and validity. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed by multiple logistic regression equations. Results: Compared with women with the lowest tertile of intake, women in the highest tertile of intake of desserts (including biscuits, brioches, cakes, puffs and ice-cream) and sugars (including sugar, honey, jam, marmalade and chocolate) had multivariate ORs of 1.19 (95% CI 1.02-1.39) and 1.19 (95% CI 1.02-1.38), respectively. The results were similar in strata of age, body mass index, total energy intake and other covariates. Conclusions: We found a direct association between breast cancer risk and consumption of sweet foods with high glycemic index and load, which increase insulin and insulin growth factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-345
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

Italy
Breast Neoplasms
Food
Confidence Intervals
Case-Control Studies
Ice Cream
Insulin
Glycemic Index
Honey
Energy Intake
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Interviews
Diet

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Case-control study
  • Risk factors
  • Sugar
  • Sweets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Tavani, A., Giordano, L., Gallus, S., Talamini, R., Franceschi, S., Giacosa, A., ... La Vecchia, C. (2006). Consumption of sweet foods and breast cancer risk in Italy. Annals of Oncology, 17(2), 341-345. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdj051

Consumption of sweet foods and breast cancer risk in Italy. / Tavani, A.; Giordano, L.; Gallus, S.; Talamini, R.; Franceschi, S.; Giacosa, A.; Montella, M.; La Vecchia, C.

In: Annals of Oncology, Vol. 17, No. 2, 02.2006, p. 341-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tavani, A, Giordano, L, Gallus, S, Talamini, R, Franceschi, S, Giacosa, A, Montella, M & La Vecchia, C 2006, 'Consumption of sweet foods and breast cancer risk in Italy', Annals of Oncology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 341-345. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdj051
Tavani, A. ; Giordano, L. ; Gallus, S. ; Talamini, R. ; Franceschi, S. ; Giacosa, A. ; Montella, M. ; La Vecchia, C. / Consumption of sweet foods and breast cancer risk in Italy. In: Annals of Oncology. 2006 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 341-345.
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