Inquinamento da farmaci: Le evidenze (parte I)

Translated title of the contribution: Contamination by pharmaceuticals: The evidences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is an emerging issue. The scientific literature suggests that pharmaceuticals are widespread contaminants, entering the environment from a myriad of scattered points. Once administered, pharmaceuticals can be excreted unmetabolised with the urine or stool and patients (in case of drugs for human use) or animals (veterinary drugs) are therefore considered the main sources of contamination. Pharmaceuticals can be prioritised according to environmental loads, predicted by multiplying sales figures by the metabolism rate. Several priority pharmaceuticals can be commonly measured in waste and surface water. Pharmaceuticals are present at very low concentrations in the aqueous environment, but active ingredients are designed to stimulate a response in humans and animals at low doses with a very specific target, making the implications for human health and the environment a matter of concern. Recent laboratory studies suggest that pharmaceutical principles, taken in combinations and concentrations close to those detected in the environment in Italy, may have ecotoxicological effects.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalRicerca e Pratica
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

Fingerprint

Pharmaceutical Preparations
Veterinary Drugs
Literature
Italy
Urine
Water
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Inquinamento da farmaci : Le evidenze (parte I). / Zuccato, Ettore; Castiglioni, Sara; Fanelli, Roberto; Bagnati, Renzo.

In: Ricerca e Pratica, Vol. 23, No. 2, 03.2007, p. 67-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3791264c5e824aa2a27c41910890de15,
title = "Inquinamento da farmaci: Le evidenze (parte I)",
abstract = "Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is an emerging issue. The scientific literature suggests that pharmaceuticals are widespread contaminants, entering the environment from a myriad of scattered points. Once administered, pharmaceuticals can be excreted unmetabolised with the urine or stool and patients (in case of drugs for human use) or animals (veterinary drugs) are therefore considered the main sources of contamination. Pharmaceuticals can be prioritised according to environmental loads, predicted by multiplying sales figures by the metabolism rate. Several priority pharmaceuticals can be commonly measured in waste and surface water. Pharmaceuticals are present at very low concentrations in the aqueous environment, but active ingredients are designed to stimulate a response in humans and animals at low doses with a very specific target, making the implications for human health and the environment a matter of concern. Recent laboratory studies suggest that pharmaceutical principles, taken in combinations and concentrations close to those detected in the environment in Italy, may have ecotoxicological effects.",
keywords = "Analysis, Drug, Ecotoxicology, Environment, Sewage treatment plant, Surface water, Waste water",
author = "Ettore Zuccato and Sara Castiglioni and Roberto Fanelli and Renzo Bagnati",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
language = "Italian",
volume = "23",
pages = "67--73",
journal = "Ricerca e Pratica",
issn = "1120-379X",
publisher = "Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore s.r.l.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inquinamento da farmaci

T2 - Le evidenze (parte I)

AU - Zuccato, Ettore

AU - Castiglioni, Sara

AU - Fanelli, Roberto

AU - Bagnati, Renzo

PY - 2007/3

Y1 - 2007/3

N2 - Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is an emerging issue. The scientific literature suggests that pharmaceuticals are widespread contaminants, entering the environment from a myriad of scattered points. Once administered, pharmaceuticals can be excreted unmetabolised with the urine or stool and patients (in case of drugs for human use) or animals (veterinary drugs) are therefore considered the main sources of contamination. Pharmaceuticals can be prioritised according to environmental loads, predicted by multiplying sales figures by the metabolism rate. Several priority pharmaceuticals can be commonly measured in waste and surface water. Pharmaceuticals are present at very low concentrations in the aqueous environment, but active ingredients are designed to stimulate a response in humans and animals at low doses with a very specific target, making the implications for human health and the environment a matter of concern. Recent laboratory studies suggest that pharmaceutical principles, taken in combinations and concentrations close to those detected in the environment in Italy, may have ecotoxicological effects.

AB - Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is an emerging issue. The scientific literature suggests that pharmaceuticals are widespread contaminants, entering the environment from a myriad of scattered points. Once administered, pharmaceuticals can be excreted unmetabolised with the urine or stool and patients (in case of drugs for human use) or animals (veterinary drugs) are therefore considered the main sources of contamination. Pharmaceuticals can be prioritised according to environmental loads, predicted by multiplying sales figures by the metabolism rate. Several priority pharmaceuticals can be commonly measured in waste and surface water. Pharmaceuticals are present at very low concentrations in the aqueous environment, but active ingredients are designed to stimulate a response in humans and animals at low doses with a very specific target, making the implications for human health and the environment a matter of concern. Recent laboratory studies suggest that pharmaceutical principles, taken in combinations and concentrations close to those detected in the environment in Italy, may have ecotoxicological effects.

KW - Analysis

KW - Drug

KW - Ecotoxicology

KW - Environment

KW - Sewage treatment plant

KW - Surface water

KW - Waste water

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34247887539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34247887539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Articolo

AN - SCOPUS:34247887539

VL - 23

SP - 67

EP - 73

JO - Ricerca e Pratica

JF - Ricerca e Pratica

SN - 1120-379X

IS - 2

ER -