BACKGROUND: The International Germ Cell Consensus Classification (IGCCC) is the recommended stratification scheme for newly diagnosed metastatic seminoma (mSGCT) and non-seminoma germ cell tumor (mNSGCT) patients. However, a contemporary North-American population-based validation has never been completed and represented our focus.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified mSGCT and mNSGCT patients within the SEER database (2004-2015). The IGCCC criteria were used for stratification into prognostic groups. Kaplan-Meier (KM) derived actuarial 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were calculated. In addition, cumulative incidence plots tested cancer-specific (CSM) and other-cause mortality (OCM) rates.
RESULTS: Of 321 mSGCT patients, 190 (59.2%) and 131 (40.8%), respectively, fulfilled good and intermediate prognosis criteria. Of 803 mNSGCT patients, 209 (26.1%), 100 (12.4%), and 494 (61.5%), respectively, fulfilled good, intermediate, and poor prognosis criteria. In mSGCT patients, actuarial KM derived 5-year OS was 87% and 78% for, respectively, good and intermediate prognosis groups (p = 0.02). In cumulative incidence analyses, statistically significant differences were recorded for CSM but not for OCM between good versus intermediate prognosis groups. In mNSGCT patients, actuarial KM derived 5-year OS was 89%, 75% and 60% for, respectively, good, intermediate, and poor prognosis groups (p < 0.001). In cumulative incidence analyses, statistically significant differences were recorded for both CSM and OCM between good, intermediate, and poor prognosis groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings represent the first population-based validation of the IGCCC in contemporary North-American mSGCT and mNSGCT patients. The recorded OM rates closely replicate those of the original publication, except for better survival of poor prognosis mNSGCT patients.
- Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
- International Cooperation
- Middle Aged
- Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/classification
- Retrospective Studies
- Survival Rate
- Testicular Neoplasms/classification