Continuous infusion fluorouracil in the management of advanced breast cancer: A phase II study

Diana Crivellari, Maria Donatella Magri, Angela Buonadonna, Davide Lombardi, Concetta Paolello, Marcello De Cicco, Dario Fantin, Andrea Veronesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims and background: The evaluation of unconventional schedules of well- known drugs represents a promising avenue in the search for new regimens with a better therapeutic index in metastatic breast cancer. In particular, protracted continuous infusion (PCI) of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has yielded interesting results in gastrointestinal malignancies and in breast cancer. Methods: From March 1996 30 consecutive patients with heavily pretreated breast cancer were treated with PCI 5-FU at a daily dose of 250 mg/m2 by means of disposable elastomeric pumps until progression or toxicity. The median age was 54 years (range, 28-71) and median performance status was 1 (range, 0-3). All patients but four were pretreated with anthracycline- containing regimens or taxanes; the median number of chemotherapy lines was 3 (range, 2-4). Metastatic sites were predominantly visceral in 60% of the patient population. Results: All 30 patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. The median duration of PCI was 20 weeks (range, 2-36 weeks). Two complete responses (7%) and eight partial remissions (26%) were observed, giving an overall response rate of 33%. The median duration of response was six months (range, 4-9 months). Stabilization was observed in seven patients (23%) with a median duration of seven months (range, 3-9 months). The main toxic effects were grade I-II mucositis and hematologic toxicity, while grade 3 hand-foot syndrome was observed in eight patients (27%). Conclusions: This study confirms the efficacy and safety of 5-FU at this dosage and schedule in heavily pretreated women with advanced breast cancer. In order to improve on these results further studies are needed in a less advanced stage of the disease and together with other active drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-45
Number of pages4
JournalTumori
Volume86
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Continuous infusion
  • Fluorouracil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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    Crivellari, D., Magri, M. D., Buonadonna, A., Lombardi, D., Paolello, C., De Cicco, M., Fantin, D., & Veronesi, A. (2000). Continuous infusion fluorouracil in the management of advanced breast cancer: A phase II study. Tumori, 86(1), 42-45.