Continuous positive airway pressure treatment increases serum vitamin D levels in male patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Claudio Liguori, Andrea Romigi, Francesca Izzi, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Alberto Cordella, Enza Tarquini, Maria Pia Giambrone, Maria Grazia Marciani, Fabio Placidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objective: Recent studies report a link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome, low vitamin D levels, and high parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effect of 7-night continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on serum vitamin D, PTH, and calcium levels in patients with severe OSA syndrome. Methods: Patients with severe OSA were enrolled into the study and compared to control subjects. Patients with OSA underwent CPAP therapy for 7 nights and were consequently divided into responders (OSA-R, mean residual AHI <5/h) and nonresponders (OSA-nR, mean residual AHI > 5/h). Serum vitamin D, PTH, and calcium levels were measured at baseline in patients with severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index > 30/h) and control subjects. Patients with OSA underwent a final morning blood sample after 7-night CPAP therapy. Results: We enrolled 90 patients with OSA into the study (65 OSA-R and 25 OSA-nR) compared to 32 control subjects. At baseline, lower vitamin D and higher PTH levels were detected in the OSA group compared to controls. After 7-night CPAP therapy, male OSA-R patients showed a significant increase in vitamin D levels. Conversely, female OSA-R patients did not show the same increase in vitamin D levels. It was also observed that OSA-nR subjects did not show modifications of serum markers after nCPAP-therapy. Conclusions: The study demonstrates that short-term nCPAP treatment is able to promote the recovery of vitamin D homeostasis in male patients with OSA. The mediation of sexual hormones in regulating vitamin D is a possible explanation of the lack of recovery of vitamin D homeostasis in female patients with OSA as it often affects postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-607
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • CPAP
  • OSA
  • PTH
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology

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