Continuous Veno-Venous Hemodialysis Using the Cardio-Renal Pediatric Dialysis Emergency MachineTM: First Clinical Experiences

Enrico Vidal, Enrico Cocchi, Fabio Paglialonga, Zaccaria Ricci, Francesco Garzotto, Licia Peruzzi, Luisa Murer, Claudio Ronco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report the first worldwide experience with continuous veno-venous hemodialysis (CVVHD) in children using the last generation Cardio-Renal Pediatric Dialysis Emergency Machine (CARPEDIEM)TM device. Thirteen children received 1,008 h of CVVHD during 95 sessions, using a 0.15 (n = 7) or a 0.25 m2 (n = 6) hemofilter. The median weight was 3 kg (interquartile range [IQR] 2.5-6.2). In 10 patients, CVVHD was conducted using a 5 Fr double-lumen central vascular access, whereas in 3 children, bigger sizes were used (6.5 and 8 Ch). The median prescribed Qb was 17 mL/min (IQR 10-29.5), with a median Qd of 10 mL/min. Circuits were primed with 5% albumin in 12 out of 13 patients, using anticoagulation with heparin in all 13 cases. The median delivered/prescribed time ratio yielded a 100% result (95-100%). The most common cause for "downtime" was clotting that however occurred in only 3% of all treatments. Survivals at continuous renal replacement therapy discontinuation and ICU discharge were 100 and 69% respectively. The CARPEDIEMTM machine allowed successful delivery of diffusive blood purification modality to very small patients, using small catheters, no blood primes, and excellent concordance between delivered and prescribed treatment duration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalBlood Purification
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 31 2018

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