Contralateral risk reducing mastectomy in patients with sporadic breast cancer. Benefits and hazards

C. Boccardo, O. Gentilini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During the last years an improving outcome of breast conserving surgery was observed along with the availability of diagnostic procedures allowing early diagnosis. Nevertheless, women with breast cancer are more frequently requesting a radical approach comprising contralateral mastectomy even if they do not have a demonstrated increased genetic risk. In this paper we reviewed the main reasons patients ask for aggressive preventive surgery, the perceived and the real risks of developing contralateral breast cancer, and the potential, if any, survival benefits along with the hazards associated to contralateral risk reducing mastectomy.A respectful management should be given to these women within a multi-disciplinary team. Psychological support is highly encouraged cope fears and uncertainties but treating physicians should provide patients with comprehensive and unbiased data to take the best decision for the single person. Physicians should also give clear information on the benefits of adjuvant therapies which are reducing the incidence of contralateral breast cancer and also of the possible influences of healthy lifestyle (weight control, physical activity, diet) as effective preventive methods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • Breast cancer prevention
  • Contralateral risk reducing mastectomy
  • Controlateral breast cancer
  • Prophylactic surgery
  • Sporadic breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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