Infections are frequently experienced complications for patients undergoing haematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). To assess current infection prevention strategies, an international survey among HCT nurses was conducted by the Nurses Group and IDWP of the EBMT. Nurse representatives from all EBMT transplant centres were invited to complete an online questionnaire on protective environment in adult and paediatric HCT units. A total of 141 complete questionnaires were returned for the isolation section and 26 for the paediatric section, the majority of respondents (89.4%) being nurses. A small number of centres (7.1%) reported not allowing visitors, the rest have rules for entering patient rooms. Most HCT units (99.3%) indicated that nurses play a critical role in infection prevention and measures differed between bacterial infections and viral infections. Many of the paediatric units (57.7%) had a play area, applying rules of entry. To our knowledge, this is the first survey on protective environment directed at nurses within HCT centres. Despite having different practices, most HCT units tend to decrease isolation procedures and the use of PPE for multi-drug resistant organisms. This must concur with an increase of hand hygiene compliance, for which our data show that there is still room for improvement.
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