Contribution of platelets to the cardiovascular effects of ADP in the rat

E. Dejana, M. G. Castelli, G. De Gaetano, A. Bonaccorsi

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The contribution of platelets to the cardiovascular effects of ADP was investigated in rats in different experimental conditions. Following rapid i.v. bolus injections of ADP (from 0.001 to 0.03 mg/kg b.w.) only a dose-related fall in blood pressure could be detected. Increasing the dose of ADP (up to 1 mg/kg b.w.), platelet fall and changes in cardiac rhythm (bradycardia, A.V. blocks and ectopic beats) became evident. All these phenomena were rapidly reversed. Inhibition of platelet aggregation by a pyrimido-pyrimidine compound (SH 869) or thrombocytopenia induced by Busulfan or antiplatelet antiserum did not significantly protect the animals from the cardiovascular effects of ADP. The fall in blood pressure, however, was reduced. Adenosine, at equimolar concentrations, caused ECG changes similar to those induced by ADP with no platelet aggregation and a less pronounced blood pressure fall. These results suggest that most of the cardiovascular modifications induced by rapid injection of ADP are largely independent of platelets. Platelets appeared to play a more important role when ADP was given for a longer period of time. A slow i.v. infusion of ADP (6 mg/kg b.w. for 10 min) was accompanied by platelet fall, cardiovascular collapse and ECG alterations typical of myocardial ischaemia. All these effects persisted throughout the ADP infusion but disappeared soon after its termination. They were almost completely inhibited in rats given SH 869 or made thrombocytopenic. In conclusion, platelets seem to contribute to the cardiovascular effects of ADP only in certain experimental conditions. In others, the nucleotide's direct effects seem more important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-145
Number of pages11
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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