Control of MRSA infection and colonisation in an intensive care unit by GeneOhm MRSA assay and culture methods

Claudia Dalla Valle, Maria Rosalia Pasca, Debora De Vitis, Federico Capra Marzani, Vincenzo Emmi, Piero Marone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the major nosocomial pathogens. Due to the diffusion of MRSA strains in both hospital and community settings, prevention and control strategies are receiving increased attention. Approximately 25% to 30% of the population is colonised with S. aureus and 0.2% to 7% with MRSA. The BD GeneOhm MRSA real-time PCR assay offers quicker identification of MRSA-colonised patients than do culture methods. Methods: Ninety-five patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo of Pavia (Italy) for a period > 24 h were screened for MRSA colonisation with both the culture method and the GeneOhm assay. Results: Of the 246 nasal swabs collected from 95 patients, 36 samples were found to be positive by both methods (true-positive). 30% of colonised patients had developed the MRSA infection. Conclusion: Our results show that the GeneOhm MRSA assay is a valuable diagnostic tool for detecting MRSA quickly in nasal swabs. This study confirms that colonisation represents a high risk factor for MRSA infection, and that good MRSA surveillance in an Intensive Care Unit is therefore an excellent way to prevent MRSA infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 24 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

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