Controlled trial of desmopressin in liver cirrhosis and other conditions associated with a prolonged bleeding time

P. M. Mannucci, V. Vicente, L. Vianello, M. Cattaneo, I. Alberca, M. P. Coccato, E. Faioni, D. Mari

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Abstract

The synthetic vasopressin derivative desmopressin (DDAVP) shortens a prolonged bleeding time (BT) in patients with uremia, congenital platelet dysfunction, and von Willebrand disease. To establish the limits of the clinical usefulness of DDAVP, a controlled randomized study was carried out in 53 patients and ten volunteers with different conditions that have in common a prolonged BT. DDAVP significantly shortened the BT in 21 cirrhotics (P <.01), in eight patients with unclassified prolonged BT (P <.05) and in ten volunteers taking the antiplatelet drugs aspirin (P <.05) and ticlopidine. The BT changes were not significant in 15 patients with severe thrombocytopenia nor in nine with congenital platelet dysfunction, even though a few patients with storage pool deficiency responded with a marked BT shortening. Our findings indicate that DDAVP might be given when biopsies or other surgical procedures must be carried out in patients with prolonged BT. However, the compound is often ineffective in patients with thrombocytopenia or congenital platelet dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1153
Number of pages6
JournalBlood
Volume67
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Mannucci, P. M., Vicente, V., Vianello, L., Cattaneo, M., Alberca, I., Coccato, M. P., Faioni, E., & Mari, D. (1986). Controlled trial of desmopressin in liver cirrhosis and other conditions associated with a prolonged bleeding time. Blood, 67(4), 1148-1153.