Coordinate induction of humoral and spike specific t‐cell response in a cohort of italian health care workers receiving bnt162b2 mrna vaccine

INMI COVID‐190 Vaccine Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vaccination is the main public health measure to reduce SARS‐CoV‐2 transmission and hospitalization, and a massive worldwide scientific effort resulted in the rapid development of effective vaccines. This work aimed to define the dynamics of humoral and cell‐mediated immune response in a cohort of health care workers (HCWs) who received a two‐dose BNT162b2‐mRNA vaccination. The serological response was evaluated by quantifying the anti‐RBD and neutralizing antibodies. The cell‐mediated response was performed by a whole blood test quantifying Th1 cytokines (IFN‐γ, TNF‐α, IL‐2), produced in response to spike peptides. The BNT162b2‐mRNA vaccine induced both humoral and cell‐mediated immune responses against spike peptides in virtually all HCWs without previous SARS‐CoV‐2 infection, with a moderate inverse relation with age in the anti‐RBD response. Spike‐specific T cells produced several Th1 cytokines (IFN‐γ, TNF‐α, and IL‐2), which correlated with the specific‐serological response. Overall, our study describes the ability of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine to elicit a coordinated neutralizing humoral and spike-specific T cell response in HCWs. Assessing the dynamics of these parameters by an easy immune monitoring protocol can allow for the evaluation of the persistence of the vaccine response in order to define the optimal vaccination strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1315
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Coordinate immunity
  • Health care workers
  • MRNA vaccine
  • SARS‐CoV2
  • Whole blood T cell assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology

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