Coordinate up-regulation of Sp1 DNA-binding activity and urokinase receptor expression in breast carcinoma

Antonella Zannetti, Silvana Del Vecchio, Maria V. Carriero, Rosa Fonti, Paola Franco, Gerardo Botti, Giuseppe D'Aiuto, M. Patrizia Stoppelli, Marco Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The regulatory mechanisms underlying the overexpression of urokinase- type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) in highly invasive breast carcinomas remain poorly understood. In this study, we have simultaneously determined the level of uPAR and the activity of the transcription factor Sp1 in 14 breast carcinomas and 5 benign lesions. We found that uPAR levels and Sp1-binding activity are coordinately elevated in malignant tumors (r, 0.94; P <0.001). On the contrary, undetectable or only barely detectable levels of uPAR and Sp1 activity were found in benign breast lesions. Finally, the engagement of uPAR by catalytically inactive uPA in the MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cell line results in a rapid up-regulation of Sp1-binding activity followed by an increase of uPAR protein. These results, taken together, suggest the existence of a uPA-dependent positive regulatory loop that may progressively enhance malignant breast cell invasiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1546-1551
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume60
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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