Coordination between pelvis and shoulder girdle during walking in bilateral cerebral palsy

Emanuela Tavernese, Marco Paoloni, Massimiliano Mangone, Enrico Castelli, Valter Santilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Studies revealed that pelvis and shoulder girdle kinematics is impaired in children with the diplegic form of bilateral cerebral palsy while walking. The features of 3D coordination between these segments, however, have never been evaluated. Methods The gait analyses of 27 children with bilateral cerebral palsy (18 males; mean age 124 months) have been retrospectively reviewed from the database of a Movement Analysis Laboratory. The spatial-temporal parameters and the range-of-motions of the pelvis and of the shoulder girdle on the three planes of motion have been calculated. Continuous relative phase has been calculated for the 3D pelvis-shoulder girdle couplings on the transverse, sagittal and frontal planes of motion to determine coordination between these segments. Data from 10 typically developed children have been used for comparison. Findings: Children with bilateral cerebral palsy walk with lower velocity (P = 0.01), shorter steps (P <0.0001), larger base of support (P <0.01) and increased duration of the double support phase (P = 0.005) when compared to typically developed children. The mean continuous relative phase on the transverse plane has been found lower in the cerebral palsy group throughout the gait cycle (P = 0.003), as well as in terminal stance, pre-swing and mid-swing. The age, gait speed and pelvis range-of-motions on the transverse plane have been found correlated to continuous relative phase on the transverse plane. Interpretation: Compared with typically developed children, children with bilateral cerebral palsy show a more in-phase coordination between the pelvis and the shoulder girdle on the transverse plane while walking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Continuous relative phase
  • Gait analysis
  • Pelvis
  • Shoulder girdle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biophysics

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