COPD exacerbations in the emergency department: Epidemiology and related costs. A retrospective cohort multicentre study from the Italian Society of Emergency Medicine (SIMEU)

Federico Germini, Giacomo Veronese, Maura Marcucci, Daniele Coen, Deborah Ardemagni, Nicola Montano, Andrea Fabbri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPDs) frequently cause patients with COPD to access the emergency department and have a negative impact on the course of the disease. The objectives of our study were: 1) describing the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, and the clinical management, of patients with AECOPD, when they present to the emergency department; and 2) estimating the costs related to the management of these patients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Italy, collecting data on 4396 patients, from 34 centres. Patients had a mean (SD) age of 76,6 (10.6) years, and 61.2% of them where males. >70% of the patients had a moderate to very high comorbidity burden, and heart failure was present in 26.4% of the cohort. The 64.6% of patients were admitted to hospital wards, with a mean (SD) length of stay of 10.8 (9.8) days. The estimated cost per patient was 2617 €. Conclusions: Patients attending the ED for an AECOPD are old and present important comorbidities. The rate of admission is high, and costs are remarkable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Emergency Medicine
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Multicenter Studies
Hospital Emergency Service
Epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Costs and Cost Analysis
Comorbidity
Italy
Length of Stay
Heart Failure
Retrospective Studies
Demography

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive Emergency service
  • Cost analysis
  • Hospital epidemiology costs
  • Pulmonary disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

COPD exacerbations in the emergency department : Epidemiology and related costs. A retrospective cohort multicentre study from the Italian Society of Emergency Medicine (SIMEU). / Germini, Federico; Veronese, Giacomo; Marcucci, Maura; Coen, Daniele; Ardemagni, Deborah; Montano, Nicola; Fabbri, Andrea.

In: European Journal of Internal Medicine, Vol. 51, 2018, p. 74-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ardemagni, Deborah

AU - Montano, Nicola

AU - Fabbri, Andrea

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