Coping strategies in caregivers of disorders of consciousness patients

Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Carmela Rifici, Alessia Bramanti, Silvia Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The management of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) has raised several important ethical, social, and medical issues. It is also known that families and caregivers are subjected to physical and emotional load due to their assistance activity. The aim of this observational study was to compare distress and coping strategies used among caregivers of two kinds of DOC: vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious state (MCS).

METHODS: We have enrolled 80 caregivers (mean age 47.87 ± 11-28 years) that were tested with self-administered measures of distress and coping to individuate which coping strategies were adopted by caregivers of DOC patients and to analyze how these have influenced the degree of distress.

RESULTS: Data showed that the reaction to stress was different between two groups of caregivers (VS and MCS); moreover, it may vary according to the coping strategies used.

CONCLUSION: Results showed the importance to develop effective coping strategies aimed to reduce psychological distress and improving caregiver's well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1375-1381
Number of pages7
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Adaptation, Psychological/physiology
  • Adult
  • Caregivers/psychology
  • Consciousness Disorders/nursing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Social Support
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Stress, Psychological/etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

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