Corneal ray tracing versus simulated keratometry for estimating corneal power changes after excimer laser surgery

Giacomo Savini, Antonio Calossi, Massimo Camellin, Francesco Carones, Marco Fantozzi, Kenneth J. Hoffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate whether the refractive changes induced by excimer laser surgery can be accurately measured by corneal ray tracing performed by a combined rotating Scheimpflug camera-Placido-disk corneal topographer (Sirius). Setting Private practices. Design Evaluation of diagnostic test. Methods This multicenter retrospective study comprised patients who had myopic or hyperopic excimer laser refractive surgery. Preoperatively and postoperatively, 2 corneal power measurements - simulated keratometry (K) and mean pupil power - were obtained. The mean pupil power was the corneal power calculated over the entrance pupil by ray tracing through the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces using Snell's law. Agreement between the refractive and corneal power change was analyzed according to Bland and Altman. Regression analysis and Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement between measurements. Results The study evaluated 72 eyes (54 patients). The difference between the postoperative and preoperative simulated K values underestimated the refractive change after myopic correction and overestimated it after hyperopic correction. Agreement between simulated K changes and refractive changes was poor, especially for higher amounts of correction. A proportional bias was detected (r = -0.77; P2 = 0.98). The mean pupil power did not overestimate or underestimate the refractive change. The 95% LoA ranged between -0.97 D and +0.56 D. Conclusion Corneal ray tracing accurately measured corneal power changes after excimer laser refractive surgery. Financial Disclosures Dr. Calossi is consultant to Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici. Dr. Carones is consultant to Wavelight Laser Technologie AG. No other author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1115
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Excimer Lasers
Laser Therapy
Pupil
Refractive Surgical Procedures
Consultants
Private Practice
Disclosure
Power (Psychology)
Routine Diagnostic Tests
Multicenter Studies
Lasers
Retrospective Studies
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Corneal ray tracing versus simulated keratometry for estimating corneal power changes after excimer laser surgery. / Savini, Giacomo; Calossi, Antonio; Camellin, Massimo; Carones, Francesco; Fantozzi, Marco; Hoffer, Kenneth J.

In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol. 40, No. 7, 2014, p. 1109-1115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Savini, Giacomo ; Calossi, Antonio ; Camellin, Massimo ; Carones, Francesco ; Fantozzi, Marco ; Hoffer, Kenneth J. / Corneal ray tracing versus simulated keratometry for estimating corneal power changes after excimer laser surgery. In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 7. pp. 1109-1115.
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abstract = "Purpose To evaluate whether the refractive changes induced by excimer laser surgery can be accurately measured by corneal ray tracing performed by a combined rotating Scheimpflug camera-Placido-disk corneal topographer (Sirius). Setting Private practices. Design Evaluation of diagnostic test. Methods This multicenter retrospective study comprised patients who had myopic or hyperopic excimer laser refractive surgery. Preoperatively and postoperatively, 2 corneal power measurements - simulated keratometry (K) and mean pupil power - were obtained. The mean pupil power was the corneal power calculated over the entrance pupil by ray tracing through the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces using Snell's law. Agreement between the refractive and corneal power change was analyzed according to Bland and Altman. Regression analysis and Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement between measurements. Results The study evaluated 72 eyes (54 patients). The difference between the postoperative and preoperative simulated K values underestimated the refractive change after myopic correction and overestimated it after hyperopic correction. Agreement between simulated K changes and refractive changes was poor, especially for higher amounts of correction. A proportional bias was detected (r = -0.77; P2 = 0.98). The mean pupil power did not overestimate or underestimate the refractive change. The 95{\%} LoA ranged between -0.97 D and +0.56 D. Conclusion Corneal ray tracing accurately measured corneal power changes after excimer laser refractive surgery. Financial Disclosures Dr. Calossi is consultant to Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici. Dr. Carones is consultant to Wavelight Laser Technologie AG. No other author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.",
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