Coronally advanced flap with and without connective tissue graft for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions: A comparative short- and long-term controlled randomized clinical trial

Giovanni Zucchelli, Ilham Mounssif, Claudio Mazzotti, Martina Stefanini, Matteo Marzadori, Elisabetta Petracci, Lucio Montebugnoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim The aim of this study was to compare short- and long-term root coverage and aesthetic outcomes of the coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone or in combination with a connective tissue graft (CTG) for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions. Methods Fifty patients with multiple (≥2) adjacent gingival recessions (≥2 mm) in the upper jaw were enrolled. Twenty-five patients were randomly assigned to the control group (CAF), and the other 25 patients to the test group (CAF + CTG). Clinical outcomes were evaluated at 6 months, 1 and 5 years. The aesthetic evaluations were made 1 and 5 years after the surgery. Results No statistically significant difference was demonstrated between the two groups in terms of Rec Red and complete root coverage (CRC) at 6 months and 1 year. At 5 years, statistically greater recession reduction and probability of CRC, greater increase in buccal KTH and better contour evaluation made by an independent periodontist were observed in the CAF + CTG group. Better post-operative course and better colour match were demonstrated in CAF-treated patients both at 1 and 5 years. Conclusions CAF + CTG provided better CRC at 5 years; keloid formation due to graft exposure was responsible for the worse colour match evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-403
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • aesthetics
  • CTG
  • multiple gingival recessions
  • root coverage
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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