Coronary artery disease in Type-2 diabetes mellitus: A scintigraphic study

D. Giugliano, R. Acampora, N. De Rosa, A. Quatraro, L. De Angelis, A. Ceriello, F. D'Onofrio

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This study was aimed at evaluating the level of metabolic control and cardiovascular risk factors in a population of Type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease. We used myocardial thallium-201 scintigraphy as a measure of coronary perfusion integrity. One hundred and forty six diabetic patients presenting with chest pain, ischaemic ECG changes or a positive exercise test underwent myocardial thallium-201 imaging perfusion in conjunction with exercise stress. Scintigrams were assessed by a computer assisted image analysis. The cardiovascular risk factors considered were sex, age, BMI and waist-hip ratio, smoking, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, serum lipids (total cholesterol and triglycerides), glycated haemoglobin A1, urinary albumin excretion, white blood cell count, and diabetes duration. The proportion of male diabetic subjects with a positive scintigraphy was 63% while that of diabetic women was 45% (p <0.05). Mean age, anthropometric measures and diabetes indices were similar when diabetic patients with positive or negative scintigraphy were compared. The prevalence of patients with microalbuminuria and retinopathy (both non-proliferative and proliferative) was higher in positive (26% and 27%, respectively) than in negative (10% and 11%, respectively, p = 0.01) diabetic patients. Total cholesterol and white blood cell counts were also higher in positive diabetics (p <0.05-0.01). These findings suggest that a cluster of risk factors (cholesterol, white blood cells, microalbuminuria) may be implicated in the development of coronary artery disease in Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-466
Number of pages4
JournalDiabete et Metabolisme
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1993


  • cardiovascular risk factors
  • coronary artery disease
  • thallium-201 scintigraphy
  • Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

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    Giugliano, D., Acampora, R., De Rosa, N., Quatraro, A., De Angelis, L., Ceriello, A., & D&apos;Onofrio, F. (1993). Coronary artery disease in Type-2 diabetes mellitus: A scintigraphic study. Diabete et Metabolisme, 19(5), 463-466.