Coronary in-stent restenosis: Assessment with CT coronary angiography

Daniele Andreini, Gianluca Pontone, Saima Mushtaq, Antonio L. Bartorelli, Erika Bertella, Daniela Trabattoni, Piero Montorsi, Stefano Galli, Claudia Foti, Andrea Annoni, Francesca Bovis, Giovanni Ballerini, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Cesare Fiorentini, Mauro Pepi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To compare accuracy and radiation exposure of a new computed tomographic (CT) scanner with improved spatial resolution (scanner A) with those of a CT scanner with standard spatial resolution (scanner B) for evaluation of coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR) by using invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and intravascular ultrasonography (US) as reference methods. Materials and Methods: Written informed consent was obtained and study protocol was approved by institutional ethics committee. A total of 180 consecutive patients (154 men [mean age ± standard deviation, 66 years ± 12; range, 51-79 years] and 36 women [mean age, 70 years ± 12; range, 55-83 years]) scheduled to undergo ICA for suspected ISR were enrolled. Ninety patients were studied with scanner A (group 1: 72 men [mean age, 65 years ± 11; range, 52-79], 18 women [mean age, 68 years ± 12; range, 55-83 years]) and 90 with scanner B (group 2: 74 men [mean age, 64 years ± 10; range, 51-77 years], 16 women [mean age, 68 years ± 11; range, 55-82 years). Examination with the two scanners was compared with ICA and intravascular US. Radiation dose exposure was estimated. To compare stent evaluability between the two groups, χ2 test was used. Results: Stent evaluability was higher in group 1 than in group 2 (99% vs 92%, P = .0021). A significantly lower rate of beam-hardening artifact was observed in group 1 (two cases) than group 2 (12 cases, P <.05). For stent-based analysis, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of multidetector CT for ISR identification were 96%, 95%, and 96% in group 1 and 90%, 91%, and 91% in group 2, respectively, without statistically significant differences. The correlation between percent ISR evaluated at multidetector CT versus intravascular US was higher in group 1 than in group 2 (r = 0.89 vs r = 0.58; P = .019). The correlations of diameter and area measurements at reference site and stent maximal lumen narrowing site between multidetector CT and intravascular US were higher in group 1 than in group 2. Radiation dose was low in both multidetector CT groups (1.9 mSv ± 0.2). Conclusion: Scanner A, with improved spatial resolution, allowed reliable detection and quantification of coronary ISR with low radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-417
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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