Correction of defective CFTR/ENaC function and tightness of cystic fibrosis airway epithelium by amniotic mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells

Annalucia Carbone, Stefano Castellani, Maria Favia, Anna Diana, Valentina Paracchini, Sante Di Gioia, Manuela Seia, Valeria Casavola, Carla Colombo, Massimo Conese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, with most of the mortality given by the lung disease. Human amniotic mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells (hAMSCs) hold great promise for regenerative medicine in the field of lung disease; however, their potential as therapeutics for CF lung disease has not been fully explored. In the present study, hAMSCs were analysed in co-cultures on Transwell filters with CF immortalized airway epithelial cells (CFBE41o- line) at different ratios to exploit their potency to resume basic defects associated with CF. The results show that F-actin content was increased in co-cultures as compared with CF cells and actin was reorganized to form stress fibres. Confocal microscopy studies revealed that co-cultures had a tendency of increased expression of occludin and ZO-1 at the intercellular borders, paralleled by a decrease in dextran permeability, suggestive of more organized tight junctions (TJs). Spectrofluorometric analysis of CFTR function demonstrated that hAMSC-CFBE co-cultures resumed chloride transport, in line with the appearance of the mature Band C of CFTR protein by Western blotting. Moreover, hAMSC-CFBE co-cultures, at a 1:5 ratio, showed a decrease in fluid absorption, as opposed to CFBE cell monolayers that displayed a great rate of fluid resorption from the apical side. Our data show that human amniotic MSCs can be used in co-culture with CF respiratory epithelial cells to model their engraftment into the airways and have the potential to resume a tight epithelium with partial correction of the CF phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1631-1643
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Amniotic membrane
  • Cell therapy
  • CFTR
  • ENaC
  • Mesenchymal stromal cells
  • Tight junctions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

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