Correction of type II breast deformities following conservative cancer surgery

Elisabetta Campora, Stella Leone, Pierluigi Santi, Pietro Berrino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Breast deformities following conservative cancer surgery are seen with increasing frequency and often represent difficult reconstructive problems. Type II deformities are characterized by localized tissue insufficiency, which can be due to skin insufficiency (type I la), subcutaneous tissue insufficiency (type I lb), or both (type I lab). Correction of a locally damaged breast is a surgical challenge that can result in a fully restored breast if selection of the surgical procedure is properly carried out. A series of 37 patients who underwent correction of type II deformities from 1980 to 1989 was reviewed. Results obtained with different surgical procedures, including simple submuscular placement of traditional or expandable implants, breast reshaping, transposition of a latissimus dorsi muscle or musculocutaneous flap, TRAM flap, and reverse abdominoplasty, were evaluated. Aesthetic outcome wasjudged to be good or excellent in 78 percent of patients. Guidelines for selection of the most, appropriate surgical procedure according to the defect's etiology, morphology, and location and to the breast's size and shape are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-853
Number of pages8
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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