Correlates of perceived health related quality of life in obese, overweight and normal weight older adults: An observational study

Cinzia Giuli, Roberta Papa, Roberta Bevilacqua, Elisa Felici, Cristina Gagliardi, Fiorella Marcellini, Marco Boscaro, Marco De Robertis, Eugenio Mocchegiani, Emanuela Faloia, Giacomo Tirabassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a complex multifactorial disease, which also has an impact on quality of life. The aim of this paper is to identify the correlates of perceived health related quality of life in obese, overweight and normal weight Italians older adults. Methods. 205 subjects at the age ≥ 60 yrs. were recruited into the Division of Endocrinology of the Polytechnic University of Marche Region, Ancona (Italy). A protocol of questionnaires was constructed for data collection, and included domains such as physical activity, quality of life, socio-psychological aspects. The association of the latter variables with SF-36 Health Survey physical component (PCS-36) were evaluated in the whole sample. Multiple linear regression models were used to assess the effect of independent variables on PCS-36 and the physical subscales of SF-36. Results: PCS-36 showed a lower score in the obese and overweight subjects than the normal weight group (post-hoc test, p <0.001 and p <0.05 respectively). Age, gender (male), Body Mass Index, years of education, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) total score, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression, number of medications prescribed and number of diseases were included in the model. Negative and significant PCS-associated variables included depression (p = 0.009), BMI (p = 0.001), age in years (p = 0.007), whereas positive and significant PCS-associated independent variables were years of education (p = 0.022), physical activity (p = 0.026). BMI was negatively associated with all the physical subscales of SF-36 (p <0.05). Conclusions: Research funding should be invested in the study of the benefits accruing from reducing obesity in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2014

Keywords

  • Health related quality of life
  • Obesity
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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