OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the existence and types of correlations between body composition densitometric parameters and laboratory values associated to cardiometabolic risk.
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 316 individuals in the weight range from normality to super-obesity, submitted to total body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans and routine biochemistry at S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital from June 2010 to March 2014. The study included 182 women, 45.8 ± 13.4 y of age, with a body mass index (BMI) of 31.5 (± 11) kg/m2 (group F) and 134 men, 45.4 ± 13.6 y of age, with a BMI of 27.6 (± 7.8) kg/m2 (group M). All patients underwent whole-body scan (Lunar iDXA, GE Healthcare, Madison, WI, USA) and laboratory analysis (blood fasting glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, tricylglycerides [TGs], aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase). Correlation between laboratory values and total body and regional fat mass (including visceral adipose tissue [VAT] and subcutaneous adipose tissue in the android region), and lean mass parameters were analyzed with linear and stepwise regressions analysis (significance limit, P < 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curves were performed to assess the accuracy of the best-fit DXA parameter (VAT) to identify at least one laboratory risk factor.
RESULTS: In both groups, BMI and densitometric parameters showed a linear correlation with fasting blood glucose and TG levels and an inverse correlation with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.05), whereas no correlation was observed with total cholesterol levels. The only densitometric parameter retained in the final model of stepwise multiple regression was VAT for fasting blood glucose (group F: β = 0.4627, P < 0.0001; group M: β = 0.6221, P < 0.0001) and TG levels (group F: β = 0.4931, P < 0.0001; group M: β = 0.1990, P < 0.0261) independently of BMI. The optimal cutoff points of VAT to identify the presence of at least one laboratory risk factor were >1395 g and >1479 cm3 for men and >1281 g and >1357 cm3 for women.
CONCLUSIONS: DXA analysis of VAT is associated with selected laboratory parameters used for the evaluation of cardiometabolic risk and could be per se a helpful parameter in the assessment of clinical risk.
- Body composition
- Cardiometabolic risk
- Visceral fat